Browse Watershed’s collection of guides, designed to help demystify and explain important climate topics. Are we missing one that would be useful for you? Let us know.

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ISSB disclosure standards: what companies need to know for 2023

The International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) has a new climate disclosure standard that is set to become the new global baseline for both mandatory and voluntary disclosures, starting as early as 2023. This guide covers what companies need to know about ISSB’s requirements, where the program is headed, and how it fits in with other climate disclosure standards—both voluntary and government-mandated—across the US, UK, and EU.

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Demystifying FCA climate disclosures for asset managers and owners

As investors seek to align their assets with the fight against climate change, more firms are offering ESG-based investment products. The UK’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) wants to ensure that all such ESG claims are matched with real impact. Here's the guide to what asset managers need to know.

Leah Stokes on the IRA for businesses

How companies can leverage the Inflation Reduction Act

It's official: The Inflation Reduction Act is now law, and adds ~$369B to the climate fight. The business implications of this are immense: the IRA offers new tax credits for everything from electric vehicles to heat pumps, allowing companies to supercharge decarbonization by making cleaner purchases—at attractively subsidized prices.

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How to build a lean corporate climate program, fast

This guide is about how to build a high-impact, cost-effective climate program—one that doesn’t require a dedicated internal team, army of consultants, or large locked-in investment.

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TCFD, CDP, GRI…where should you start when it comes to voluntary reporting?

The alphabet soup of carbon-reporting acronyms can be intimidating. When it comes to voluntary reporting standards, which drive the most value for your business? And how can you ensure that you’re preparing the most useful data in the most efficient way? In this guide we cover what companies need to know about approaching voluntary reporting in a way that’s good for your carbon graph—and for your bottom line.

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How companies of all sizes are making carbon removal possible

The science is clear: the world needs large-scale carbon dioxide removal (CDR).In this guide we cover why private-sector CDR investments matter, how to fit them into your climate program, and what our early-acting customers have to say about their CDR experiences. While reducing emissions is crucial, it isn’t enough.

ESG for IPO Readiness

Why ESG reporting is a critical part of your IPO filing

Increasingly, ESG reporting is a standard for companies looking to IPO—and looking to increase financial performance. If you’re considering an IPO, or have already started the process, here’s what you need to know about climate reporting.

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Watershed’s approach to measuring corporate emissions

Measuring carbon emissions is the foundation for real climate action. But measurement is complicated, and not all approaches are equal. In this guide we cover what companies need to know about measurement—from evaluating the major approaches to understanding where and why precision matters.

The ROI of a Climate Program

The business value of a climate programme

Over the last decade, the environment in which businesses operate has been upended. Regulation, science, and ultimately a cultural shift have put climate action at the center of corporate responsibility. The good news? Prioritizing sustainability helps you win as a business. Here's some of the data behind why climate programs are good for business.


SECR carbon reporting: a guide for UK companies

The UK's new programme, Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR), encouraging more efficient operations, while expanding the mandated reporting scope to ensure companies are taking real action on carbon. Here's what you need to know.

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Climate news

Breaking down the SEC’s ESG fund-labeling proposals

A brief guide to two 2022 SEC proposals covering how ESG funds should be labeled and marketed to avoid greenwashing.

Wide-angle photograph of the glass headquarters of the SEC in Washington
Climate news

Understanding the SEC’s new carbon disclosure recommendations

The SEC has proposed public companies begin reporting their carbon emissions and reductions progress alongside financial results. In this guide we cover who this proposal applies to, what it asks for specifically, and what the SEC’s next steps are.

Textured map of the EU and UK

EU and UK climate disclosure programmes: an overview

Demystifying the EU and UK’s corporate climate disclosure programmes and how companies can get a head-start on compliance.

Illustration of bio-oil sequestration carbon removal, by Yukai Du

Carbon removal and offsets: a buyer’s guide

Demystifying carbon credits and how companies can source them to meet their climate goals while creating maximum impact.

Science Based Targets logo

Science-based targets: a guide for companies

Companies everywhere are taking a new approach to managing their carbon footprint. But how much carbon reduction is enough? And how can we know if a company is working on a real plan, rather than an empty press release?


TCFD standards: what companies need to know

Companies & CFOs are now expected to report their carbon emissions with the same rigor they bring to financial results. But what exactly needs to be disclosed? And to whom? And how?

An array of solar panels on a sunny day laid out below, on a grassy field

Clean power: how companies can decarbonize electricity

Zero-carbon electricity is our best existing tool against climate change—the low-hanging fruit of decarbonization. We need to switch over faster, and companies can play a pivotal role here.

Server racks glowing in a dark data center

Carbon in the cloud

Cloud computing and data centers have become core global infrastructure—and significant drivers of carbon emissions. In this guide, we’re sharing what we’ve learned about calculating emissions from cloud providers and data centers, and how to drive those emissions to zero.

Net Zero standard

A standard for net zero

To solve climate change, the world needs to get to net zero carbon, fast: drastically cutting emissions from every part of the economy and removing what’s left.

Building a climate program

Building a world-class climate program

Climate programs are fast becoming standard for companies. Investor pressure is building and climate disclosure is required for large companies in the UK and Europe. Talented employees want to work at companies that are acting on climate. And customers expect to buy from low-carbon companies. This is good for business—and it’s critical for the planet. So, where should you start?